Chhattisgarh State largely
consists of plateaus streaked with high range of Satpuras
in the North, the river Mahanadi and its tributaries in
the Central Plains and the Bastar Plateau in the South.
The Past (Hills) give rises to the main river systems-
Mahanadi, Hasdo, Sheonath and Indravati.
Intersected by these meandering rivers and dotted with
hills and plateaus, the state has varied natural settings
of great beauty. To the north of river Shivnath there were
18 garhs belonging to the Kalchuris and to the South there
were another 18 garhs belonging to the Kalchuris of Raipur.
Hence, the total of these 36 Garhs (Forts) formed the
basis of naming this region as Chhattisgarh. Chhattisgarh
lies between 17 - 46' to 24 - 5' North and 80 - 15' to 84
- 20' East. It covers an area of 1,35,133 Sq. kms.
bordering six other states - Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand
in the North, Orissa in the East, Andhra Pradesh in the
South, Maharashtra in the South West and Madhya Pradesh in
the North West.
Although the newly formed state came into existence on 1st
November 2000, its cultural heritage is as ancient as
Stone age. In ancient times Chhattisgarh was known as
Dakshin Koshal. Geographical evidence of the place is
found in the Ramayana and the Mahabharat. Lord Rama
entered Dandkarnaya from North-East of Koshal and spent
some of his exile (forest-living) period here. In
Mahabharat's Rajsoo Yagya episode the description of
Dakshin Koshal has been found. In historical records in
Samudragupta Prayag eulogy, description of Kosal has been
found. After the sixth century evidence of political
insurgence of Dakshin Koshal has been found.
From Sixth Century to mid-twelve century Sarabhpurnima,
Panduvanshi, Somvanshi, Kalchuri and Nagwanshi rulers
dominated the region. The various documents, Copper
plaques, coins, and archeological goods apprise us about
the cultural heritage and political development of that
time. In contemporary history evidence of ancient people
has been found in the hills of Raigarh, Singhanpur, Kabra,
Basnajhar, Boslada and Ongana mountains at "Chitwandongri"
in Rajnandgaon district. The stone equipment made and used
by ancient people have been found from the coasts of
Mahanadi, Mand, Kanhar, Manihari, and Kelo River.
The rock-paintings of Singhanpur and Kabra mountains are
quite famous among contemporary painting due to variety
and style. Among remains of historical age, traces of
bone, animal burial has been found in abundance in Raipur
and Durg districts. Along with archaeology, the culture of
Chhattisgarh is also quite famous. The tribal Kanwars,
Kamar, Baiga. Halba, Korea, Pando, Birhai, Biniwar make
the atmosphere cheerful by their dance and song, on the
occasion of marriage and other festivals. The rice-bowl Chhattisgarh land has unique eroticism and Sweetness.
Apart from the mesmerizing dances songs of Dadra, Pandwani,
Karma, Panthi and Suva, the region has National
parks/Sanctuaries and has places of archaeological and
religions importance such as Sirpur, Rajim, Malhar, Sita
Bengra, Jogibhatta, Deepadih, Dantewada and Dongargarh
where tourists come automatically. The ancient deposits of
Chhattisgarh and Jain religion memorials are found at
Malhar, Sirpur, Maheshpur and Arang. Innumerable
monuments, finely carved temple, vihars, forts and palaces
raise in the visitors mind visions of dynasties and
kingdoms of great warriors and builders, of poets and
musicians, of saints and philosophers, of Hindusim,
Buddhism, Jainism, Christianity, and Islam.
Saint Guru Ghasidas of Satnami samaj, Mahaprabhu
Vallabhacharya of vaishnav samaj and the great poet and
saint Kabirdas also hails from this state. The celebrated
chinese traveler Huein Tsang visited the state in the
middle of 7th century A.D. Nearly half (44%) of the state
is forested and offers a unique panorama of flora and
fauna. The national parks of Kanger Valley and Indravati,
the Sanctuaries of Udanti, Sitanadi, Barnawapara,
Achanakmar, Gomardah, Tamorpingla etc.
Offer the rare opportunity to see the wild buffalo, gaur,
tiger, leopard, singing maina and wide variety of
antelopes in sylvan surroundings. A variety of tradition
in each of three geographical and cultural regions of
Baghelkhand plateau, the plains of Mahandi basin, and the
Dandkarnaya plateau of Bastar Have added colour to the
states rich cultural tapestry, making it a many splendor